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4 Common Treatments for Endometriosis
Have you recently been diagnosed with endometriosis? Read on to learn more about the condition and how it is typically treated. The severity of endometriosis informs how a doctor manages and treats the condition. The early stages of the condition have relatively mild symptoms that are easy to correct with conservative treatment plans.
In contrast, moderate and severe cases of endometriosis need more aggressive approaches. This article goes over some common treatments for different stages of endometriosis.
4 Treatments for endometriosis
The endometrium is the lining that covers the inner surface of the uterus. It thickens and sheds at different points in a woman’s menstrual cycle. Sometimes, endometrial tissue can grow in places that it should not. It can grow on the outer surface of the uterus, on the fallopian tubes, or the ovaries. Sometimes the growths occur on the lining of the bowel or pelvis.
Small growths are usually little or no trouble, while larger growths are more likely to cause health problems. Physicians categorize endometriosis based on how localized or widespread it is.
- Early-stage (minimal) endometriosis presents with a few small growths, wounds, or lesions. There is little, if any, scar tissue at this stage
- The mild stage of this condition presents with more growths that extend deeper into the lining. The likelihood of scar tissue is higher at this stage
- Stage 3 is moderate in severity, with multiple growths that extend deep into the lining
- Stage 4 or severe endometriosis brings extensive growths that go deep into whichever lining they grow out of. Scar tissue and/or ovarian cysts may also be a problem at this stage
Endometriosis does not always progress from one stage to the next. The condition can stagnate at one stage or even reverse to a degree. Sometimes, the growths resolve altogether. The following are some standard treatment options for endometriosis.
1. Pain management
The most common symptom of endometriosis is menstrual pain that affects the back and abdomen. Over-the-counter pain medication is usually enough to provide relief from the cramps. In cases of severe pain, a doctor will administer prescription pain medication.
2. Hormone treatment
Certain hormones slow the growth of endometrial tissue, which deals with many of the symptoms that come with endometriosis. The therapy can take the form of birth control or hormones that depress the production of estrogen.
3. Minimally invasive surgery
Doctors use laparoscopic surgery to remove endometrial growths without having to cut the patient open. They start by making a small cut in the abdomen and use the incision as an entry point for a thin fiber-optic camera. The camera gives the surgeon a visual of any abnormalities on or around the patient’s reproductive system.
Next, the doctor makes a second incision so surgical tools can reach the area, cut, and extract the growths. They remove these abnormalities using the laparoscopic camera as a visual guide.
4. Open surgery
This is usually the last resort for the treatment of severe and widespread endometriosis. A doctor will only go this route when the growths cover a large area. In such scenarios, opening the abdominal cavity is simply the fastest and most efficient way to remove multiple, deep-rooted growths.
The bottom line
Endometriosis can be a difficult and painful condition, but there are treatments available to reduce or eliminate its symptoms. Get in touch with us to set up an appointment and find out how we can improve your quality of life.
Check out what others are saying about our services on Yelp: Endometriosis in Fresno, CA.
Endometriosis is a disorder of the uterus. It happens when the lining that is supposed to grow in the inner surface of the uterus grows on the outer surface instead. The lining is known as the endometrium and it is meant to grow and shed with each menstrual cycle.When the endometrium grows inside the uterus…
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