Pelvoc laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that allows a doctor to view or treat tissues and organs inside your pelvis. The process is performed with a tool called a laparoscope, which is a thin, long camera that is inserted via an incision made in your abdominal region. This makes for a less invasive surgical treatment…
The Treatment for an Ovarian Cyst
In simple terms, an ovarian cyst is a sac or pocket that fills with fluid. Sometimes, this type of cyst develops inside of the ovary while other times, it is on the surface. Either way, the cyst is similar in size and shape to an almond. For most people, discomfort or even pain is the first indicator of having an ovarian cyst.
Who develops them?
Typically, women with normal menstrual cycles develop these cysts. For instance, having at least one corpus luteum or follicle ovarian cyst each month is common. Most have no idea they exist. In a small number of women, the cyst grows to the point where an OB-GYN must intervene. However, any female can develop an ovarian cyst. The concern is that after menopause, there is a higher risk of someone having a cancerous cyst.
Different types of ovarian cyst
Fortunately, the different types of ovarian cyst are benign, meaning non-cancerous. One of these is the follicle cyst. As part of a woman’s menstrual cycle, an egg releases from the ovary. This egg then grows inside a follicle, which is a small sac. As the egg matures, the follicle opens to release it. However, if the sac fails to open, a follicle cyst forms. Usually, this goes away without symptoms or treatment in roughly two months.
A corpus luteum ovarian cyst is also common. In this case, after the follicle opens and the egg releases, the sac diminishes in size. It becomes a mass of cells known as corpus luteum. This is what prepares the body for a female’s next month’s period. If the follicle fails to shrink, a corpus luteum ovarian cyst develops.
There are three additional types of ovarian cyst. First, endometriomas occur when the uterus’ lining grows outside of the uterus. Second, dermoids develop from cells that women have from the time they are born. Normally, these do not cause any symptoms. The third is cystadenomas. Sometimes, these cysts can grow quite large. They also fill with a watery like fluid.
What are the common symptoms?
The good news is that in most cases, an ovarian cyst is not only small but also painless. However, there are times when symptoms develop. Along with bloating, most women experience some degree of pain. This pain is only intermittent and dull. Other times, it is sharp and constant. Typically, the pain is on the same side of the stomach as the cyst.
The symptoms of an ovarian cyst also depend on whether it ruptures. If that happens, a woman will experience sudden and intense pain. The other issue is that a cyst can twist. In that case, both nausea and vomiting are normal. While not as common, some of the other symptoms include pelvic pain, trouble emptying the bladder and painful intercourse.
Unexplained weight gain, tender breasts and frequent urination are also indicators. While seldom do these occur, a woman may also have unusual vaginal bleeding or lower back pain. If someone suspects the presence of an ovarian cyst and has a lot of pain, it is important to see an OB-GYN. That way, the physician can stop the pain and treat the other symptoms.
Remember, having an ovarian cyst is something that women have every month. For most of them, there are no symptoms. However, if you begin to have pain or any of the other symptoms, seek medical attention. If left untreated, a small cyst could turn into a more serious problem.
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