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What are the Different Types of Contraception Services?
There are a variety of contraception services that make it possible for you to be sexually active without having to worry about getting pregnant. These include devices like diaphragms, IUDs, condoms, the morning after pill and sterilization.
Some of these contraceptives also reduce your odds of contracting a sexually transmitted infection (STI) during sex.
Contraceptives like sponges, spermicides and condoms can be purchased over the counter, but most of the other types require a prescription from a doctor.
Popular contraception services
Contraceptives have become a lot more effective over the past 50 years. Contraceptives are often classified based on how they work. The categories are barrier methods, hormonal methods, intrauterine devices and sterilization.
A contraceptive works by:
- Preventing the release of the egg via hormones
- Preventing sperm from getting to the egg (IUDs and barrier devices)
- Blocking normal reproductive functions
- Preventing a fertilized egg from developing in the uterus
1. The pill
This is one of the most popular products prescribed at contraceptive services centers. It was invented in the 1960s, and it has become even more effective over the years. The pill can provide up to 99 percent protection from unwanted pregnancies when taken daily as prescribed.
This contraceptive comes in two forms: The mini pill (which contains only progestin) and the combined contraceptive form (which contains progestin and estrogen). While extremely effective at preventing unwanted pregnancies, the pill does not protect the user from STIs.
2. Male condoms
This is one of the most easily available types of contraceptives and it provides good protection against unwanted pregnancies and STIs. Most condoms are made from latex, but there are some that are made with lambskin or polyurethane.
Doctors recommend not using a condom more than once.
3. Female condoms
The female condom can be purchased over-the-counter at pharmacies without a prescription. It provides 95 percent protection against pregnancy and it is less likely to burst than a male condom. A female condom can be inserted into the vagina up to eight hours prior to having sex.
The diaphragm is another contraceptive device that serves as a barrier to prevent sperm from reaching the uterus. However, it does not protect against STIs and it should be used in combination with a spermicide to effectively prevent pregnancies. Most diaphragms can be cleaned and removed.
5. Intrauterine devices (IUD)
There are two main types of IUDs: Copper-based and hormonal. These are long-term contraceptives that can effectively prevent pregnancy for up to 10 years. However, they do not protect against STIs. IUDs also serve as a form of emergency contraception. It can prevent an unwanted pregnancy if used up to five days after the encounter.
An IUD has to be inserted by a doctor or other trained health care professional.
Take control of your future
At Camilla L. Marquez, MD we provide the contraception services listed above and many others. Stop by our Fresno clinic to learn more about preventing unwanted pregnancies.
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