What Causes Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian Cysts Fresno, CA

While ovarian cysts are no walk in the park, most do not cause long-term problems. If you begin to experience discomfort or significant pain on one side of the abdomen, contact your OB-GYN. There is a good chance you might have this type of cyst. Instead of feeling scared, know you have different treatment options available.

Understanding ovarian cysts

An ovarian cyst is a type of closed structure that strongly resembles a sac. Sometimes, a cyst forms on just one ovary while other times, on both. Usually, a semisolid or liquid substance fills the sac. Although a lot of women experience discomfort or pain, others have no symptoms at all. The good news is that many times, these cysts go away without any medical intervention. Problems typically only arise if the sac ruptures.

Different types

When it comes to ovarian cysts, there are several distinct types. When visiting a doctor, the patient goes through an examination and other tests to determine the specific kind. In some cases, the doctor will send the patient home to rest and monitor any changes. Other times, surgery is the only option for removing a cyst.

1. Functional ovarian cysts

Of all ovarian cysts, this is the most common. Most women never develop symptoms, meaning they have no idea a cyst exists. Functional cysts help during a woman’s menstrual cycle. Following the first few weeks after a period, small cysts form. However, only one or two become mature enough for the ovulation process, helping eggs mature. The others simply rupture without causing any problems.

2. Follicular ovarian cysts

As another type of functional cyst, this typically develops during the years a woman can conceive. These cysts are both harmless and painless. After several menstrual cycles, these usually go away. However, there are times when a woman may need to seek medical attention. Follicular ovarian cysts are also a part of the normal menstrual cycle.

3. Corpus luteum ovarian cysts

A woman’s egg, which rests in the follicle, releases when corpus luteum occurs. For females who fail to become pregnant, the corpus luteum breaks down and vanishes. However, any fluid or blood remaining inside can cause a cyst to form. Although most resolve without help, a woman needs to see an OB-GYN.

4. Dermoid ovarian cysts

These ovarian cysts develop when tissue in the ovary grows abnormally. In most cases, these are not cancerous, nor do they become cancerous. There are times when dermoid cysts form other body tissues. Included are bone, teeth, cartilage, fats and even hair. In fact, it is common for a woman to have an excessive amount of hair growth, sometimes in strange places.

5. Polycystic ovarian cysts

This is yet another type of ovarian cyst, which often leads to polycystic ovarian syndrome. This occurs when several smaller sized cysts accumulate on the ovaries. When that happens, women struggle with hormonal imbalance. As part of this, women experience a variety of symptoms. Some of these include obesity, infertility, excessive hair growth, irregular periods and cardiovascular disease.

6. Chocolate ovarian cysts

Many women have never heard of chocolate ovarian cysts. These develop with the presence of endometriosis. In this case, the cysts form when cells that usually grow in the uterine lining develop on the outside instead. Because endometriosis causes the tissue to grow and bleed, these cysts often contain blood, giving them their name. Most often, a doctor must scrape the cyst off to completely remove it.

Seeing a doctor

You know your body like no one else. If you begin to notice unusual things happening, contact your OB-GYN. While ovarian cysts are no fun, most are harmless. Even if you need one removed, there is low risk.

Request an appointment here: https://fresnoobgyn.com or call Camilla L. Marquez, MD at (559) 424-1180 for an appointment in our Fresno office.

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