Endometriosis is a term used to describe a type of disorder that happens when the inside of the uterus starts to grow outside of itself. This disorder has the ability to cause a great deal of pain and mostly takes place near the ovaries and fallopian tubes. With every menstrual cycle, the endometrium tissue becomes thicker and then breaks down so it can be released every month. This also happens to the endometrium tissue that is now growing outside the uterus. Because this outside tissue is not where it should be, there is nowhere for this released tissue to go, which means it remains in the body, eventually causing various problems.
The fact that a person will likely experience multiple health problems when they receive an endometriosis diagnosis makes it essential to be under the supervision of a gynecologist until the condition is properly addressed. Endometriosis is fairly common and usually affects people who are older, typically when they are in their forties or thirties.
How endometriosis is diagnosed
A gynecologist will first perform a pelvic exam to diagnose endometriosis, which allows them to physically check the pelvic area for any abnormalities. They will then decide whether they need to use an ultrasound or perform an MRI, as this allows them to see more detailed images inside the body. A laparoscopy may be necessary for some people, which does not happen too often.
Risk factors that increase the chances of being diagnosed with endometriosis:
Common endometriosis symptoms
The most common symptom of endometriosis is discomfort and/or various levels of pain. While this pain is commonly experienced during monthly menstrual periods, it can occur during at any time. Endometriosis pain tends to worsen over time. Many women who have endometriosis will often mistake it for other health-related issues, like ovarian cysts and irritable bowel syndrome, as the symptoms are very similar.
Symptoms commonly with an endometriosis diagnosis:
Possible causes of endometriosis
The exact reason for endometriosis is still being investigated, as it is currently not known.
Some of the more common causes include:
Treatment options for endometriosis
Unfortunately, there is no cure for endometriosis, though it can be treated, which is good because there are a number of risks associated with the condition. It is possible for endometriosis to cause infertility. Those who have been diagnosed are also at a higher risk of being diagnosed with ovarian cancer. These facts make it necessary for those who have been diagnosed with endometriosis to find out what their treatment options are as soon as possible.
Common treatment options:
Most people who undergo these treatment options can live a fairly normal life.
At Camilla L. Marquez, MD, we can help you relieve endometriosis symptoms and pain. Visit us at our Fresno office today.
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